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Artificial intelligence could improve CT screening for COVID-19 diagnosis

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COVID-19
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Researchers on the University of Notre Dame are growing a brand new approach utilizing synthetic intelligence (AI) that will improve CT screening to extra shortly establish sufferers with the coronavirus. The new approach will scale back the burden on the radiologists tasked with screening every picture.

Testing challenges have led to an inflow of sufferers hospitalized with COVID-19 requiring CT scans which have revealed visible indicators of the illness, together with floor glass opacities, a situation that consists of irregular lesions, presenting as a haziness on pictures of the lungs.

“Most patients with coronavirus show signs of COVID-related pneumonia on a chest CT but with the large number of suspected cases, radiologists are working overtime to screen them all,” mentioned Yiyu Shi, affiliate professor within the Department of Computer Science and Engineering at Notre Dame and the lead researcher on the undertaking. “We have shown that we can use —a field of AI—to identify those signs, drastically speeding up the screening process and reducing the burden on radiologists.”

Shi is working with Jingtong Hu, an assistant professor on the University of Pittsburgh, to establish the visible options of COVID-19-related pneumonia by evaluation of 3-D knowledge from CT scans. The crew is working to mix the evaluation software program with off-the-shelf {hardware} for a lightweight cellular machine that may be simply and instantly built-in in clinics across the nation. The problem, Shi mentioned, is that 3-D CT scans are so giant, it is practically unattainable to detect particular options and extract them effectively and precisely on plug-and-play cellular gadgets.

“We’re developing a novel method inspired by Independent Component Analysis, using a statistical architecture to break each image into smaller segments,” Shi mentioned, “which is able to permit to focus on COVID-related options inside giant 3-D pictures.”

Shi and Hu are collaborating with radiologists at Guangdong Provincial People’s Hospital in China and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, the place a lot of CT pictures from COVID-19 pneumonia are being made obtainable. The crew hopes to have improvement accomplished by the tip of the yr.


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Citation:
Artificial intelligence could improve CT screening for COVID-19 diagnosis (2020, August 10)
retrieved 10 August 2020
from https://medicalxpress.com/information/2020-08-artificial-intelligence-ct-screening-covid-.html

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