Drawing from a big quantity of nationwide datasets, UCLA researchers have discovered that counties throughout the United States have 2.8% more COVID-19 circumstances and a couple of.9% more COVID-19–associated deaths for each 1.zero proportion level enhance within the inhabitants of Black residents.
By the top of May 2020, there have been more than 1.5 million confirmed COVID-19 infections and 100,000 COVID-19–associated deaths within the U.S. because the starting of the pandemic. While earlier research have discovered a disproportionate quantity of circumstances and deaths in communities with a excessive proportion of racial and ethnic minorities, these centered on counties inside restricted geographic areas, didn’t alter for potential confounding elements akin to entry to health care, or used statistical strategies that didn’t permit for a broad comparability of counties each inside and between states.
The researchers used knowledge on demographics, earnings, poverty, unemployment, environmental factors, entry to physicians, hospital mattress entry, stay-at-home insurance policies and COVID-19 from the 2018 American Community Survey, the February 2020 Bureau of Labor Statistics report, Johns Hopkins University, the National Center for Health Statistics 2013 Urban-Rural Classification Scheme, the 2020 Robert Wood Johnson Foundation County Health Rankings and Roadmaps, and the 2018–2019 Area Health Resources Files from the Health Resources and Services Administration. They restricted their evaluation to the 50 states and the District of Columbia from Jan. 22 to May 31, 2020.
The findings spotlight the necessity for multifaceted coverage options and more sturdy knowledge assortment to stop the exacerbation of racial disparities and shield weak populations in the course of the COVID-19 pandemic.
Christopher A. Scannell et al. Association Between County-Level Racial and Ethnic Characteristics and COVID-19 Cases and Deaths within the USA, Journal of General Internal Medicine (2020). DOI: 10.1007/s11606-020-06083-8
University of California, Los Angeles
Counties with higher proportion of Black residents have more COVID-19 circumstances, deaths (2020, August 14)
retrieved 14 August 2020
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