Poor hygiene is significant risk for antimicrobial-resistant bacteria colonization

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Poor hygiene is significant risk for antimicrobial-resistant bacteria colonization
WSU and UVG researchers talk about AMR initiatives with CDC – Central America. Credit: WSU

Scientists have discovered clear indicators for how the interplay of poor hygiene and antibiotic use contribute to the colonization of antimicrobial-resistant (AMR) bacteria in people, an issue that contributes to tons of of 1000’s of deaths yearly.

The findings by researchers at Washington State University’s Paul G. Allen School for Global Animal Health (Allen School) and Universidad del Vale de Guatemala (UVG) had been revealed Thursday within the journal Scientific Reports.

“Coupled with antibiotic stewardship, these new findings support the critical need to improve sanitation and hygiene as an intervention to slow the spread of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria,” mentioned co-author Dr. Mark Caudell, AMR coordinator, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. “Poor sanitation has a primary effect on antimicrobial resistance so investing in better infrastructure will help reduce the incidence of AMR infections.”

This collaborative effort lead by WSU and UVG in Guatemala, is half of a bigger analysis program to know how prevailing patterns of and laws, entry to human and animal healthcare providers, and sanitation impression AMR patterns in high- and low-income international locations.

Surveying households in rural and concrete Guatemalan communities, they examined how the distribution of antimicrobial-resistant Escherichia coli was associated to inhabitants density, entry to antibiotic therapies, sanitation and hygiene indicators akin to entry to and prevalence of open defecation, and and milk consumption practices.

Poor hygiene is significant risk for antimicrobial-resistant bacteria colonization
Woman ready exterior well being publish throughout Ministry of Health vaccination marketing campaign for youngsters in San Juan Ostuncalco, Guatemala. Credit: WSU

Results confirmed that AMR was related to growing frequency of antibiotic use, poor family hygiene ranges, milk consumption, and diarrhea episodes.

“Improved antibiotic stewardship, including control of unregulated access to antibiotics is critical to reducing the prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria, but stewardship alone will not successfully impact the prevalence of resistance when hygiene is compromised,” said Dr. Brooke Ramay, co-lead researcher and professor with Allen School and UVG.


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More data:
Brooke M. Ramay et al, Antibiotic use and hygiene work together to affect the distribution of antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in low-income communities in Guatemala, Scientific Reports (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-70741-4

Citation:
Poor hygiene is significant risk for antimicrobial-resistant bacteria colonization (2020, August 14)
retrieved 14 August 2020
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