Recalling memories from a third-person perspective changes how our brain processes them

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Adopting a third-person, observer perspective when recalling your previous prompts totally different elements of your brain than recalling a reminiscence seen via your individual eyes, in keeping with a new paper.

“Our perspective once we bear in mind changes which areas help and how these brain areas work together collectively,” defined Peggy St Jacques, assistant professor within the Faculty of Science’s Department of Psychology and co-author on the paper.

Specifically, the outcomes present that recalling memories from an observer-like perspective—as a substitute of via your individual eyes—results in higher interplay between the anterior hippocampus and the posterior medial community.

“These findings contribute to a growing body of research that show that retrieving memories is an active process that can bias and even distort our memories,” added St Jacques.

“Adopting an observer-like perspective involves viewing the past in a novel way, which requires greater interaction among that support our ability to recall the details of a memory and to recreate mental images in our mind’s eye.”

Adopting an observer-like perspective can also serve a therapeutic function, defined St Jacques. “This may be an effective way of dealing with troubling memories by viewing the past from a distance and reducing the intensity of the emotions we feel.”

This work builds on St Jacques’ earlier analysis on visible perspective in reminiscence, which discovered that the perspective from which we recall a reminiscence can affect how we bear in mind them over time.

The lead creator on this paper is Faculty of Science alumna Heather Iriye, who carried out this analysis as a part of her Ph.D. on the University of Sussex within the United Kingdom. Iriye is now a postdoctoral fellow on the Karolinska Institute in Sweden.

The paper, “How visual influences the spatiotemporal dynamics of autobiographical memory retrieval,” was revealed in Cortex.


First-person memories stay sharper longer, research suggests


More info:
Heather Iriye et al. How visible perspective influences the spatiotemporal dynamics of autobiographical reminiscence retrieval, Cortex (2020). DOI: 10.1016/j.cortex.2020.05.007

Citation:
Recalling memories from a third-person perspective changes how our brain processes them (2020, August 13)
retrieved 13 August 2020
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