Transgender and gender-diverse individuals more likely to be autistic: study

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Transgender and gender-diverse adults are three to six instances more likely as cisgender adults (individuals whose gender identification corresponds to their intercourse assigned at start) to be recognized as autistic, in accordance to a brand new study by scientists on the University of Cambridge’s Autism Research Centre.

This analysis, carried out utilizing information from over 600,000 grownup individuals, confirms earlier smaller scale research from clinics. The outcomes are revealed immediately in Nature Communications.

A greater understanding of gender range in autistic individuals will assist present higher entry to well being care and post-diagnostic assist for autistic and gender-diverse individuals.

The crew used 5 totally different datasets, together with a dataset of over 500,000 individuals collected as part of the Channel four documentary “Are you autistic?”. In these datasets, members had supplied details about their gender identification, and in the event that they obtained a analysis of autism or different psychiatric situations reminiscent of melancholy or schizophrenia. Participants additionally accomplished a measure of autistic traits.

Strikingly, throughout all 5 datasets, the crew discovered that transgender and gender-diverse grownup individuals have been between three and six instances more likely to point out that they have been recognized as autistic in contrast to cisgender individuals. While the study used information from adults who indicated that they’d obtained an autism analysis, it’s likely that many individuals on the autistic spectrum might be undiagnosed. As round 1.1% of the UK inhabitants is estimated to be on the autistic spectrum, this consequence would counsel that someplace between 3.5.-6.5% of transgender and gender-diverse adults is on the autistic spectrum.

Dr. Meng-Chuan Lai, a collaborator on the study on the University of Toronto, stated: “We are beginning to learn more about how the presentation of autism differs in cisgender men and women. Understanding how autism manifests in transgender and gender-diverse people will enrich our knowledge about autism in relation to gender and sex. This enables clinicians to better recognize autism and provide personalised support and health care.”

Transgender and gender-diverse individuals have been additionally more likely to point out that they’d obtained diagnoses of psychological well being situations, notably melancholy, which they have been more than twice as likely as their cisgender counterparts to have skilled. Transgender and gender-diverse individuals additionally, on common, scored increased on measures of autistic traits in contrast to cisgender individuals, no matter whether or not they had an autism analysis.

Dr. Varun Warrier, who led the study, stated: “This finding, using large datasets, confirms that the co-occurrence between being autistic and being transgender and gender-diverse is robust. We now need to understand the significance of this co-occurrence, and identify and address the factors that contribute to well-being of this group of people.”

The study investigates the co-occurrence between and . The crew didn’t examine if one causes the opposite.

Professor Simon Baron-Cohen, Director of the Autism Research Centre at Cambridge, and a member of the crew, stated: “Both and transgender and gender-diverse individuals are marginalized and experience multiple vulnerabilities. It is important that we safe-guard the rights of these individuals to be themselves, receive the requisite support, and enjoy equality and celebration of their differences, free of societal stigma or discrimination.”


Clinicians and autistic transgender youth partner to create first community-built care model


More data:
Warrier, V et al. Elevated charges of autism, different neurodevelopmental and psychiatric diagnoses and autistic traits in transgender and gender-diverse individuals. Nat Comms; 7 Aug 2020; DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-17794-1

Citation:
Transgender and gender-diverse individuals more likely to be autistic: study (2020, August 7)
retrieved 7 August 2020
from https://medicalxpress.com/information/2020-08-transgender-gender-diverse-individuals-autistic.html

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