Preventing the unfold of the virus that causes COVID-19 is essential to slowing the pandemic. People who’ve signs or who’ve suspected or recognized publicity to the virus, ought to observe self-quarantine or self-isolation. But what do the phrases imply, and which do you have to do?
Dr. Clayton T. Cowl, a pulmonologist and chair of Mayo Clinic’s Division of Preventive, Occupational and Aerospace Medicine, says that the phrases are totally different, and folks ought to know which one is the best choice for his or her state of affairs.
“The phrases ‘quarantine’ and ‘isolation‘ each check with the act of separating an individual with sickness from others,” says Dr. Cowl. “But the terms are different. Quarantine is used for someone who has no symptoms, and isolation is used when someone has been confirmed to have the disease. Isolation is typically more acute than quarantine.”
“Quarantine is when we take someone who is completely asymptomatic and keep them away from everyone else in the event that they might develop the disease,” says Dr. Cowl. “Usually, there’s some reason why we do that. In other words, they’ve traveled to an area that has a very high prevalence of a disease or a condition.”
Dr. Cowl says quarantine can be applicable for somebody who has been close to somebody with recognized publicity.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention says folks ought to keep in quarantine for 14 days from the time of the publicity if they’ve traveled to geographic areas the place there may be numerous COVID-19 circumstances.
While in quarantine, Dr. Cowl suggests folks take actions that embrace:
Stay at a distance of a minimum of 6 toes from different folks in the house.
If potential, keep in a separate room.
Wash arms frequently with cleaning soap and water. If that is not potential, use hand sanitizer or disinfecting wipes.
Wash surfaces frequently in the house.
Avoid touching your face.
Monitor day by day for signs similar to fever, cough and shortness of breath.
If signs develop, name your health care provider or native hospital to see if you ought to be examined for COVID-19.
“Quarantine is different from isolation,” says Dr. Cowl. “Isolation is when we take somebody who is positive for the disease and keep them away from everyone else. If you’re in isolation and you’re at home, you want to be isolated from your family members as much as possible. If you have access to even a basic surgical mask, you should be using that type of personal protective equipment.”
“Sometimes you may not have another room to put them in, but if you can, stay outside of that 6-foot ring,” says Dr. Cowl. “Don’t breathe right in their face. If it’s a partner or spouse, they shouldn’t be sleeping together in the same bed during a time of isolation until they’re taken out of that isolation period.”
“Remember, it’s spread by droplets, so if you wash your hands before you go in and after you go out, that will probably minimize most of the opportunity for the virus to spread at all. ”
While in isolation, Dr. Cowl suggests folks take actions that embrace:
- Stay in a separate room. If that is not potential keep a minimum of a 6-foot circle of house from others.
- Wear a masks when in the identical room as others.
- Wear a masks when somebody brings meals or different requirements.
- Wash arms after interacting with others. Use cleaning soap and water. If that is not potential, use hand sanitizer or disinfecting wipes.
- Wipe down surfaces similar to door knobs, cellphones, counter tops and different areas touched.
©2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research
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What’s the difference between quarantine and isolation? (2020, August 7)
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